Lexical Analysis on Writing Interference of Medical Students

Muhammad Rudy, Diah Kristina, Sri Samiati Tarjana


One of the impacts that can be observed on language differences during learning English is interference. Indonesian medical students have problem with writing; what they said did not reflect what they meant to. This descriptive analysis study identified the interference on medical students while doing writing activity in the class. Four students were chosen randomly as the subjects to give their written diagnosis. The analysis was done on basis of lexical interference after categorizing formal error on their writing. The result showed that error distributions were omissions, coinage, claque, misselection, borrowing, misordering and overinclusion, where the most prominent was omission. This problem may happen due to first language, language learning process and the English words themselves. The strategy of writing instruction can be started from vocabulary understanding to minimize writing errors. 

Full Text:



Ard, J. and Homburg,T. 1993. Verification of Language Transfer. In S. M. Gass & L. Selinker (Eds.), Language Transfer In Language Learning (pp. 18–31). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Arnett, N., &Wagers, M. 2017. Subject encodings and retrieval interference. Journal of Memory and Language, 93, 22–54. https://doi.org/10.1016/j. jml.2016.07.005

Berthold, M., Manghubai, F., & Batorowicz, K. 1991. Bilingualism, Multiculturalism, and Second Language Learning.doi:10.4324/9781315807478

Corder, S. P. 1993. A Role For The Mother Tongue. In S. M. Gass& L. Selinker (Eds.), Language Transfer In Language Learning (pp. 18–31). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Demirezen, M. 2009. A model to rehabilitate a fossilized pronunciation error of Turkish English language teachers: the nasal devoicing of /ŋ/ as /ŋk/. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 1(1), 2722–2727. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2009.01.482

Ellis, R. 2015. The study of second language acquisition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Febriyanti, R. H. & Sundari, H. 2016. Error analysis of english written essay of higher efl learners : a case study, The Journal of English Language Studies 1(2), 71–80.

Glendinning, E. H. & Holmstrom, B. A. S. 2011. English in Medicine Third Edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hemchua, S. & Schmitt, N. 2006. An analysis of lexical errors in the English compositions of Thai learners. Prospect, 21, 3-25.

James, C. 1998. Errors in language learning and use: Exploring error analysis. New York: Longman.

Krashen, S. D. 1995. Principles and practice in second language acquisition. New York: Phoenix ELT.

Matthews, P. H. 2007. The concise Oxford dictionary of linguistics. New York: Oxford University Press.

Pujiawati, Nia. 2018. The use of indirect corrective feedback to eliminate the grammatical errors in students’ writing. Journal of English Language Studies, Vol. 3 No. 1, 41-50.

Raimes, A. 1985. What unskilled ESL students do as they write: A classroom study of composing. TESOL Quarterly, 19, 229–258.

Razumiejczyk, E., Girardi, C. P., Crivello, M. Del C., Fioramonti, M., Machbeth, G., & Marmolejo-Ramos, F. 2017. Crossmodal interference between language and flavour. Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología, 49(2), 91–101. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rlp.2016.01.002

Sarfraz, S., Mansoor, Z., & Tariq, R. 2016. Analysis of Grammatical Interference and its Social Acceptability in Pakistani Context. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 232, 684–688. https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.sbspro.2016.10.093

Schachter, J. 1993. A New Account Of Language Transfer. In S. M. Gass& L. Selinker (Eds.), Language Transfer In Language Learning (pp. 32–46). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Selinker, L. 2009. Interlanguage. IRAL - International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching, 10(1-4), pp. 209-232. Retrieved 9 May. 2017, from doi:10.1515/iral.1972.10.1-4.209

Sonaiya, R. 1991. Vocabulary acquisition as a process of continuous lexical discrimination. International Review of Applied Linguistics, 14, 269–284.

Tarone, E. 1977. Conscious communication strategies in interlanguage. On TESOL 77. Washington: TESOL.

Toy, E. C., Briscoe, D. A., Britton, B., & Heidelbaugh, J. J. 2012. Case Files Family Medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill Education.

Tuan, L. T. 2010. Enhancing EFL learners’ writing skill via journal writing. English Language Teaching, 3(3), 81–88.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30870/jels.v3i2.3381


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
Journal of English Language Studies [JELS] is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Copyright @ Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa [Untirta]. All rights reserved.  p-ISSN: 2527-7022 |  e-ISSN: 2541-5131

View My Stats