Apology Strategies Used by Students in University of Balikpapan

retnowaty retnowaty, Nurliani Maulida

Abstract


There are two objectives of the study namely to investigate kind of apology strategies are used by students in University of Balikpapan and to investigate how age and social status affect their choice of apology strategies. The design of this study is descriptive qualitative. Instrument to collect the data was DCT task devised by Hasan in 2014. The data were analyzed and categorized by using theory of Trosborg and Aijmer compiled by Firiani & Lestari in Fitriani (2012). Findings have shown that an overwhelming majority of the apologies were combinations rather than single type. The most often used combined strategies by students in University of Balikpapan were ‘explicitly apologizing + acknowledging responsibility + offering redress’. Moreover, it can be inferred that age and social status affected participants’ choice of apology strategies since the result of this study showed that they had different combined apology strategies based on older, younger, same age and higher, lower, equal social status.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Alfattah, A.H.M. 2010. Apology Strategies of Yemeni EFL University Students. MJAL, 2(3), 223-249.

Brown, P & Stephen L. 1987. Politeness: Some universals in Language Usage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Cohen, L. et. al. 2007. Research Methods in Education: Sixth Edition. New York: Routledge.

Fitriani, N. 2012. Apology Strategies: Are Women‟s Different From Men‟s?. Journal of English in Education, 1(1), 47-59.

Hassan,A.F. 2014. Apology Strategies in Central Kurdish with Reference to English: An Empirical Study in Socio-Pragmatics. UK: University of Wales Bangor. (unpublished)

Majeed, A. & Janjua F. 2014. Apology strategies and gender: A Pragmatic study of apology speech acts in Urdu language. Merit Research Journal of Education and Review, 2(3), 054-061.

Miles, M.B. & Huberman, A.M. 1994. Qualitative Data Analysis: An Expanded Sourcebook Second Edition. Beverly Hills: SAGE Publication Inc.

Murad, M.T. 2012. Apology Strategies in the Target Language (English) of Israeli-Arab EFL College Students towards Their Lecturers of English Who Are Also Native Speakers of Arabic. Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture, 4(3), 23-29.

Shahrokhi, M. & Jan, M.J. 2012. The realization of apology strategies among persian males. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 46, 692-700.

Yule, G. 1996. Pragmatics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30870/jels.v4i1.4369

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
Journal of English Language Studies [JELS] is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Copyright @ Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa [Untirta]. All rights reserved.  p-ISSN: 2527-7022 |  e-ISSN: 2541-5131



View My Stats