Teachers’ belief on Early Second Language Acquisition in Indonesian Bilingual School

Syafrizal Syafrizal, Tricahyani Endah Yuniarti, Usep Sofyana


The present study investigated the teachers’ belief in early second language Acquisition.  Participants were 20 teachers who taught in bilingual school in Serang, Indonesia.  The survey was developed by the researcher based on studies on the early second language acquisition.  The result showed that the majority of teachers had beliefs on language transfer and some cognitive effects in second language acquisition. However, the teachers showed the misconception on the belief of a critical period in second language acquisition. These findings provide the additional support to the need of developing the belief among the teachers in second language acquisition.

Keywords: Teacher’s belief, Beliefs of Second Language Acquisition, Second Language Acquisition

Full Text:



Angela, M.Grant, Shin-Yi Fang, Ping Li. (2015). Second language lexical development and cognitive control: A longitudinal fMRI study. Brain and Language Volume 144, May 2015, Pages 35-47 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2015.03.010

Barcelos, A. M. F. (2013). Beliefs in Second Language Acquisition: Teacher. The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics, Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Bailey, K. M., Curtis, A., & Nunan, D. (2001). Pursuing professional development: The self as source. New York, NY: Heinle & Heinle.

Bialystok, Ellen & Craik, Fergus & Klein, Raymond & Viswanathan, Mythili. (2004). Bilingualism, Aging, and Cognitive Control: Evidence From the Simon Task.. Psychology and aging. 19. 290-303. 10.1037/0882-7974.19.2.290.

Borg, S. (2003). Teacher cognition in language teaching: A review of research on what teachers think, know, believe and do. Language Teacher, 36, 81–109.

Borg, S. (2006). Teacher cognition and language education: Research and practice. London, England: Continuum.

Carrol, David W. 2008. Psychology of Language. 5th ed. Thomson Wadsworth

Chang, Sau (2015). The Beliefs of Second Language Acquisition in Teacher Candidates Teacher Education & Practice, 28(1), 11-26.

Clark-Goff, Kylah & Eslami, Zohreh. (2016). Exploring change in preservice teachers' beliefs about English Language Learning and teaching. Iranian Journal of Language Teaching Research 4(3), (Oct., 2016) 21-36

Dörnyei, Z. (2009). Questionnaires in second language research. Mahwah, New Jersey, USA: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Fojkar, Mateja.(2017). Pre-service preschool teachers’ beliefs about foreign language learning and early foreign language teaching in Slovenia CEPS Journal 7 (2017) 4, S. 85-104

Flege, J. E. (1987). A critical period for learning to pronounce foreign languages? Applied Linguistics, 8, 162–177.

Flege, J. E. (1991). The interlingual identification of Spanish and English vowels: Orthographic evidence. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 43, 701–731.

Gass, S. M., & Selinker, L. (2001). Second Language Acquisition, an Introductory Course (2nd ed.). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Ghonsooly, Behzad. (2012). The Effects of Foreign Language Learning on Creativity. English Language Teaching. Vol. 5, No. 4 (2012)

Grizalva. ( 2013). Pre-Service Teachers’ Beliefs about Language Teaching and Learning: A Longitudinal Study. Universidad de Sonora, Mexico

Harmer, J. (2007). The practice of English language teaching (4th edition.). Longman.

Horwitz, E. K. (1987). Surveying student beliefs about language learning. In A. Wenden & J. Rubin (Eds.), Learner strategies in language learning (pp. 119–129). London, UK: Prentice-Hall. (Pajares, 1992, p. 316

Johnson, K. E. (1999). Understanding language teaching: Reasoning in action.

Boston: Heinle & Heinle.

Lightbown, P. M., & Spada, N. (2006). How languages are learned. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Long, M. (1990). Maturational constraints on language development. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 12, 251-285.

McLaughlin, B. (1992). Myths and misconceptions about second language learning: What every teacher needs to unlearn. National Center for Research on Cultural Diversity and Second Language Learning. Washington, DC: Center for Applied Linguistics.

Merriam, S. B. (2002). Introduction to qualitative research. In S. B. Merriam & Associates (Eds.), Qualitative research in practice: Examples for discussion and analysis. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass

Pajares, F. (1992). Teachers’ beliefs and educational research: Cleaning up a messy construct. Review of educational research, 62, 307-332.

Kvist, Camilla. (2014). Teachers’ Perceptions of Second Language Learning and Teaching. English Studies. Lund University

Ricciardelli, L. A. (1992). Bilingualism and cognitive development in relation to threshold theory. journal of psycholinguistic research, 21, 301–316.

Özmen, K. (2012). Exploring student teachers’ beliefs about language learning and teaching: A longitudinal study. Current Issues in Education, 15(1). Retrieved from http://cie.asu.edu/ojs/index.php/cieatasu/article/view/819

Pourhosein Gilakjani, Abbas & Sabouri, Narjes. (2017). Teachers’ Beliefs in English Language Teaching and Learning: A Review of the Literature. English Language Teaching. 10. 78. 10.5539/elt.v10n4p78.

Richards, Jack & Gallo, Patrick & Renandya, Willy. (2001). Exploring Teachers' Beliefs and the Processes of Change. The PAC Journal. 1.

Rokeach, M. (1968). A theory of organization and change within value-attitude systems. Journal of Social Issues, 24(1), 13–33. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-4560.1968.tb01466.x

Wijirahayu, Suciana (2015) . Teachers' Beliefs About Efl Learning Strategies And Classroom Practices. Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30870/jels.v5i1.7116


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
Journal of English Language Studies [JELS] is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Copyright @ Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa [Untirta]. All rights reserved.  p-ISSN: 2527-7022 |  e-ISSN: 2541-5131

View My Stats