ANALISIS KESALAHAN SISWA DALAM MENYELESAIKAN SOAL TRIGONOMETRI TIPE HIGHER ORDER THINKING SKILL DITINJAU DARI GENDER

Maya Mulyani, Dedi Muhtadi

Abstract


This study aims to describe errors, factors that cause students to make mistakes made by students with high capability, medium, low, and the presence or absence of gender influence in solving Trigonometry question HOTS (Higher Order Thinking Skill) type.. This type of research is descriptive qualitative. The subjects of this study are six people, namely three male students and three female students, consisting of two highly capable students, two moderate capable students, and two low capable students. Data collection techniques in this study used the test, interview, and documentation methods. The data analysis technique is done in three stages, namely reduction data, presentation data, verification data, and conclusion. The analytical framework was developed based on Newman’s error category. The results of the study obtained five error types, namely (1) reading errors, (2) comprehension errors, (3) transformation errors, (4) process skills errors, (5) encoding errors. The most mistakes made by students are misunderstanding, transformation errors, and writing answers. General factors that cause these errors appeared because of students' lack of capability in interpreting the questions, level of understanding and students’ creativity who are low in identifying real problems in mathematical models. Research shows there are differences in the error type made by male and female subjects in solving problems which include five types of Newman's error.

 

Keywords: Newman’s error, Trigonometry, HOTS, Gender


Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdullah A H, Abidin N. L. & Ali M. (2015) Analysis of Students’ Error in Solving Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS). Problems for the Topic of Fraction Asian Social Science 11 (21).

Ariyunita, N. (2012) Analisis kesalahan dalam penyelesaian soal operasi bilangan pecahan (penelitian pada siswa kelas VII SMPN 2 Karanggede). Surakarta. Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta.

Jingga, Anisa Astra, Mardiyana, & Rubono (2017) Analisis Kesalahan Siswa dalam Menyelesaikan Soal Identitas Trigonometri Pada Siswa Kelas X Semester 2 SMA Negeri 1 Kartasura Tahun Ajaran 2015/2016. Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika dan Matematika (JPMM) Solusi 1(5)

Karnasih, Ida (2015). Analisis Kesalahan Newman Pada Soal Cerita Matematis. Jurnal PARADIKMA FMIPA Unimed Medan 8(1) 37 – 51.

Kurniadi, Galih. Purwaningrum, Jayanti Putri. 2018. Kesalahan Siswa pada Kategori Kemampuan Awal Matematis Rendah dalam Penyelesaian Tes Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah Matematis. Jurnal Penelitian dan Pembelajaran Matematika, Vol. 11 No.2 55 – 66.

Lester, F. K. & Kehle, P. E. (2003) From Problem Solving to Modeling: The Evolution of Thinking About Research on Complex Mathematical Activity. In R. Lesh, & H. M. Doerr (Eds.) Beyond Constructivism – Models and Modeling Perspectives on Mathematical Problem Solving, Learning, and Teaching (pp 501-517) (Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates)

Lusiana, Restu. (2017). Analisis Kesalahan Mahasiswa dalam Memecahkan Masalah pada Materi Himpunan Ditinjau Dari Gaya Kognitif. Jurnal Penelitian dan Pembelajaran Matematika Vol. 10 No.1 24 – 29.

Mayer, R. E. (1987). Learnable aspects of problem solving: some examples. In D. E. Berger, K. Pezdek, & W. P. Banks (Eds.), Applications of cognitive psychology: Problem Solving, education and computing (ERA, NJ: Hillsdale)

Mulyadi, Slamet. (2018). Analisis Kesalahan Siswa dalam Menyelesaikan Soal Cerita Ditinjau dari Perbedaan Gender. APOTEMA: Jurnal Program Studi Pendidikan Matematika, Volume 4 No. 1 Januari 2018. ISSN: 2407-8840 (print). ISSN: 2580-9253 (online)

National Council of Teacher of Mathematics (2000). Principles and Standards for School Mathematics. Reston, VA: NCTM.

Newman, M. A. (1977) An analysis of sixth-grade pupils' errors on written mathematical tasks. In White, AL (2009) Diagnostic and Pedagogical Issues with Mathematical Word Problems. Brunei International Journal of Scienceand Mathematics Education 1(1) pp 100-112

Permendikbud RI Nomor 22 tahun 2016 tentang Standar Proses Pendidikan Dasar dan Menengah

Permendikbud RI Nomor 54 tahun 2013 tentang Standar Kompetensi Lulusan Pendidikan Dasar dan Menengah

Saido G M, Siraj S, Bin Nordin A B, Al Amedy O S. (2015). Higher Order Thinking Skills Among Secondary School Students in Science Learning. Malaysian Journal of Education 3 (3).

Singh P, Arba & Teoh Sian Hoon. (2010). The Newman Procedure for Analyzing Primary Four Pupils Errors on Written Mathematical Tasks: A Malaysian Perspective. International Conference on Mathematics Education Research 2010 (ICMER 2010) pp 1877-0428.

Suciati, Indah, Wahyuni, Dewi Sri. (2018). Analisis Kesalahan Siswa dalam Menyelesaikan Soal Matematika pada Operasi Hitung Pecahan pada Siswa Kelas V SDN Pengawu. Jurnal Penelitian dan Pembelajaran Matematika Vol. 11 No.2 129 – 144.

Sugiyono. (2016) Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R & D (Bandung: Alfabeta)

Suhita, Sjahruddin & Aunillah (2013). Analisis Kesalahan dalam Menyelesaikan Soal Cerita dalam Matematika Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika STKIP PGRI Sidoarjo 1 (2) 37-46

Sukino (2014). Matematika untuk SMA/ MA Kelas X 1B (Jakarta: Erlangga)

Tarigan, HG. (2011). Pengajaran Analisis Kesalahan Berbahasa. (Bandung: Angkasa)

Zakaria, Ibrahim & Maat. (2010) Analysis of Students’ Error in Learning of Quadratic Equations International Education Studies 3 (3).




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30870/jppm.v12i1.4851

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Ciptaan disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi 4.0 Internasional .

JPPM (Jurnal Penelitian dan Pembelajaran Matematika). Jurnal ini diterbitkan oleh Jurusan Pendidikan Matematika FKIP Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa (cetak) dan Jurnal Untirta (eprint).

Alamat Penerbit: Jl. Raya Jakarta Km 4 Pakupatan Serang Banten, Jurusan Pendidikan Matematika, Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa, Kampus Pakupatan, Serang, Banten, Indonesia. Telepon / Faks: (0254) 280330 Ext 111, Email: jppm@untirta.ac.id |Klik untuk mengakses: Jurnal Penelitian dan Pembelajaran Matematika 

JPPM telah diindeks di: Google Cendekia I SINTA I Indonesia OneSearch I GARUDA (Garba Rujukan Digital)

p-ISSN: 1979-3545; e-ISSN: 2528-628X

Diterbitkan oleh Jurnal Untirta , bagian dari Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa


View My Stats
Lihat Statistik Saya
Penghitung Bendera