RESPONS PERTUMBUHAN TANAMAN HIAS ANTHURIUM ‘GELOMBANG CINTA’ (Anthurium plowmanii) PADA BEBERAPA KONSENTRASI BAP DAN FREKUENSI PEMBERIAN PUPUK DAUN

Warnita ., Netti Herawati

Abstract


Ornamental plants anthurium wave love great demand of society because the leaves are beautiful, unique and interesting. The edges of the leaves of anthurium generally with characteristic wavy. Anthurium plant growth stimulation can be enhanced by the application of growth regulators BAP and foliar fertilizers. The purpose of this study was to obtain a concentration of growth regulators BAP and best foliar fertilizer for growing ornamental plants anthurium. Experiments was carried out in the plant tissue culture laboratory of the Faculty of Agriculture, Andalas University from November 2015 to February 2016. Materials used in the love wave anthurium seeds, plant media are a mixture of soil, sand, compost 1: 1: 1 (v / v). Two-factor factorial experiment arranged in completely randomized design with three replications. The first factor was the concentration of BAP (0, 2.5, 5.0 and 7.5 mg/L) and the second factor was the frequency of giving leaf fertilizer (0, 1, 2 times). The variables observed were plant height, leaf width, root length and fresh weight of plants. The data were analyzed by analysis of variance followed by Honestly Significant Difference test 5%. The results showed that there is an interaction between BAP and the frequency of leaf fertilizer application to plant height and root length. The best BAP 2.50 mg/L for leaf width growth and 5.0 mg/L best to increase the fresh weight of plants. The best BAP concentration of 2.50 mg/L for leaf width growth and 5.0 mg/L is best for increasing the fresh weight of plants. Application of leaf fertilizer with a frequency of 2 times shows the highest plant height

Keywords: Anthurium, BAP, Concentration, Foliar fertilizer, Frequency

Keywords


tanaman

Full Text:

PDF

References


Davies, P.J. 1995. The Plant Hormone Their Nature, Occurence and Function. In Davies (ed.) Plant Hormone and Their Role in Plant Growth Development. Dordrecht Martinus Nijhoff Publisher.

Flick, C.E., D.A. Evans, and W.R. Sharp. 1993. Organogenesis. In D.A. Evans, W.R. Sharp, P.V. Amirato, and T. Yamada (eds.) Handbook of Plant Cell Culture Collier Macmillan. Publisher London. p. 13-81.

Gaba, V.P. 2005. Plant Growth Regulator. In R.N. Trigiano and D.J. Gray (eds.) Plant Tissue Culture and Development. CRC Press. London. p. 87-100.

Jamilah dan E. Novita. 2016. Pengaruh Pupuk Organik Cair Crocober terhadap Tanaman Bawang Merah (Allium ascalonicum L.). Jurnal Ipteks Terapan Research of Applied Science and Education Vol. 8 (2): 67-73.

Mayerni, R., E.E. Pratiwi, and Warnita. 2015. Shoot Multiplication of Quinine Plant (Cinchona ledgeriana Moens) With Several Concentrations of Kinetin on In Vitro. International Journal on Advanced Science Engineering Information Technology. Vol. 5 (2): 57-61.

Nurcholis, Hariyadi dan A. Kurniawati. 2014. Pertumbuhan Bibit Panili pada beberapa Komposisi Media Tanam dan Frekuensi Aplikasi Pupuk Daun. Bul. Littro, Vol. 25 (1): 11-20.

Pangaribuan, D.H. 2012. Dampak Bokhasi Kotoran Ternak dalam Pengurangan Pemakaian Pupuk Anorganik pada Budidaya Tanaman Tomat. J. Agron. Indonesia 40 (3): 204 -210.

Puguh, C. 2017. Aplikasi Pupuk Kandang Ayam dan Mikroorganisme Lokal (Mol) Daun Gamal terhadap Produksi dan Mutu Benih Mentimun (Cucumis sativus L.). Politeknik Negeri Jember.

Tilaar, W., J. Rantung, dan S. Tulung. 2015. Induksi Tunas dari Nodul Krisan Kulo dalam Medi Murashige dan Skoog yang Diberi Sitokinin. Eugenia. Vol. 21 (2): 94-104.

Warnita, E. Swasti, Muhsanati, Reflin, dan Z. Resti. 2015. Pengaruh Komposisi Media terhadap Pertumbuhan Tanaman Hias Amarylis. Prosiding Semirata BKS Barat Bidang Ilmu Pertanian. Di Palangka Raya 20-21 Agustus 2015. Vol. (1): 93 -98.

Warnita, N., Akhir, Vina. 2017. Growth Response of Two Varieties Chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum sp.) on Some Media Composition. International Journal on Advanced Science Engineering Information Technology. Vol 7 (3): 928-935.

Warnita, N. Herawati. 2017. Pengaruh Konsentrasi Naphthalene Acetic Acid (NAA) dan Pupuk Daun terhadap Pertumbuhan Tanaman Hias Anthurium ‘Gelombang Cinta’ (Anthurium plowmanii). Pros. Sem. Nas. Masy Biodiv. Indon. Vol. 3 (1): 69-74.

Yunita. 2003. Kultur Jaringan, Cara Memperbanyak Tanaman secara in Vitro. Agromedia Pustaka. Jakarta.

Yuniastuti, E., Praswanto, dan I. Harminingsih. 2010. Pengaruh Konsentrasi BAP terhadap Multiplikasi Tunas Anthurium (Anthurium andraeanum Linden) pada beberapa Media Dasar secara in Vitro. Caraka Tani XXV (1): 1-8.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33512/j.agrtek.v10i2.5803

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Agroekoteknologi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

INDEXED BY:


View My Stats Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.