Populism in the 2017 Jakarta Gubernatorial Election

Abdul Hamid

Abstract


The 2017 Jakarta Gubernatorial Election was one of the most competitive local elections in Indonesia. This election clearly used religious and ethnic populism strategy that divided Jakarta citizens into two groups: A Muslim Governor’s supporters Vs. Incumbent`s supporters. The root of the Muslim governor’s supporters was the rejection of some Islamic organizations against the rise of Chinese-Christian Incumbent Governor – Basuki Tjahaja Purnama or “Ahok”. This sentiment found a momentum when Ahok was accused of blasphemy against Islam that provoked Muslims furious. Moreover, Anies Baswedan became a successful candidate utilizing the sentiments and used mosques to echo the resistance against non- muslim Governor candidate.


Keywords


Blasphemy, Democracy, Jakarta Gubernatorial election, Populism

Full Text:

1-15 PDF

References


Book and Journal

Canovan, M. (1999) Trust the People! Populism and the two Faces of Democracy, Political Studies (1999), XLVII, p.2-16

Creswell, John W. (1998) Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design, Choosing Among Five Traditions. California: Sage Publication.

Hamid, A. ( 2014 ). Jokowi’s Populism in the 2012 Jakarta Gubernatorial Election. Journal Of Current Southeast Asian Affairs, 33(1), 85-109. Retrieved September 8, 2016, from http://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/giga/jsaa/article/view/738

Indikator Politik Indonesia (2017) Exit Poll Pilgub DKI Jakarta Putaran Ke-2, 19 April 2017. Online: https://indikator.co.id/uploads/20170421215057.Exit_Poll_DKI_2017_Putaran2_logo.pdf

KPU DKI Jakarta (2017) Data dan Infografik Pilkada DKI Jakarta, 2017. Jakarta: KPU DKI Jakarta.

Marzouki, N., McDonell, D. (2016) Populism and Religion, in Marzouki, mcDonell, and Roy, Save The Pople, How Populist Hijack religion, New York: Oxford University Press.

Miichi, Ken (2014), The Role of Religion and Ethnicity in Jakarta’s 2012 Gubernatorial Election, in: Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs, 33, 1, 55–83. Retrieved September 8, 2016, from https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/giga/jsaa/article/view/737/735

Mizuno, K and Phongpaichit, P (2009) Introduction, in Mizuno, K and Phongpaichit, P (Ed.). (2009) Populism in Asia. Singapore: NUS Press, Kyoto: Kyoto University Press.

Mudde, C. (2017) Populism: An Ideational Approach. In Kaltwasser, CR, Taggart, P, Espejo, P.O, and Ostiguy, P. (2017) The Oxford Handbook of Populism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Panizza (2005) Populism and the Mirror of Democracy, New York: Verso

Pamungkas, AS and Octaviani, G (2017) Aksi Bela Islam dan Ruang Publik Muslim: Dari Representasi Daring ke Komunitas Luring, Jurnal Pemikiran Sosiologi, Vol. 4 No. 2, Agustus 2017, p.65-87

Laclau, E (2005) On Populist Reason, New York, London: Verso.

Linz, J and Stepan, A (1996) Problems of democratic transition and consolidation. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Media

Detik.com (2017) Spanduk Tolak Salatkan Jenazah Terpasang di 3 Mesjid Karet Jaksel. Online: https://news.detik.com/berita/3431781/spanduk-tolak-salatkan-jenazah-terpasang-di-3-masjid-di-karet-jaksel

Iskandar, RA (2017) Panwaslu Kaji Surat Pilih Gubernur Muslim Agar Jenazah Dishalatkan, liputan6.com, Online: http://pilkada.liputan6.com/read/2886871/panwaslu-kaji-surat-pilih-gubernur-muslim-agar-jenazah-disalatkan

Jaringan Rakyat Miskin Kota Jakarta and Urban Poor Consortium (2017) JRMK-UPC Kontrak Politik (Lagi).

Merdeka.com, 2017. Saat Wartawan Metro TV Jadi Sasaran Massa di Berbagai Aksi Bela Islam, Online: https://www.merdeka.com/peristiwa/saat-wartawan-metrotv-jadi-sasaran-massa-di-berbagai-aksi-bela-islam.html

Republika.com (2015). Demo Ahok, GMJ Selamatkan Jakarta dari Pemimpin Kafir. Online: http://www.republika.co.id/berita/nasional/jabodetabek-nasional/15/06/01/np9039-demo-ahok-gmj-selamatkan-jakarta-dari-pemimpin-kafir

Syaukani, AR(2017) Penjelasan Mengapa Jenazah Nenek Pendukung Ahok-Djarot ini tidak Dihsalatkan di Mushola. Tabloid Bintang. Online: https://www.tabloidbintang.com/berita/peristiwa/read/62549/penjelasan-mengapa-jenazah-nenek-pendukung-ahokdjarot-ini-tidak-dishalatkan-di-musala

SP, Johan (2017) Eep Saefulloh Fatah Umat Islam dan Kontestasi Politik Jakarta, Online: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=csZJSVeg5FQ

Tempo.co, 10 November 2016. Di Tempat-tempat Ini Ahok Dihadang, Kampanye pun Batal Online: https://metro.tempo.co/read/819332/di-tempat-tempat-ini-ahok-dihadang-kampanye-pun-batal




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31506/jog.v4i1.4874

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License

Journal of Governance is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.