The Steep Road to Institutionalizing Negotiable Governance in the Management of Village Development

Rahmad Hidayat, Hendra Hendra, Muhamad Iptidaiyah

Abstract


Law No. 6/2014 on Villages becomes the rule of application of negotiable governance in the management of village development. Authority in this domain must be translated as a negotiation space for various stakeholders. Accessibility of public participation in any regular citizenship forum must be guaranteed to be fulfilled by the Village Government, in line with the willingness of this village-scale authoritative institution to create public information transparency. This paper aims to examine the level of institutionalization of negotiable governance in the management of development in Bajo Village, Soromandi Sub-District, Bima District. As qualitative research with a descriptive approach, this research utilized in-depth interviews, observation, document tracking, and document analysis techniques in which a number of village government apparatus and villagers were used as informants to mine the data. The results of this study show that institutionalizing negotiable governance has not been taken seriously because the public participation in regular citizenship forums in Bajo Village is only possible because of "invitation" from the village government alone. The politicization of the public space seems only to be positioned as a mere formality through that "invitation" mechanism. Participatory governance seems to exist, but it is not implemented properly. More than that, the availability of information access is still very limited and relies heavily on the willingness of the village government to provide it to all existing residents. Certain information can only be accessed by the people who have the closest relationship with certain village officials, not villagers in general. The communication media is still limited to the existing formal forum which is believed to remain exclusive because it only involves certain elements of the community, who cannot possibly represent the needs of all groups of society.


Keywords


Disclosure; governance; negotiation; participation; politicization.

Full Text:

45-67 PDF

References


Antlöv, H., Wetterberg, A. & Dharmawan, L. (2016). Village Governance, Community Life, and the 2014 Village Law in Indonesia. Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, 52(2), 161-183. DOI: 10.1080/00074918.2015.1129047

Bang, H.P. (2003). Governance as Political Communication. In Bang, H.P. (ed.), Governance as Social and Political Communication (pp. 7-23). Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Bee, C. (2017). Active Citizenship in Europe: Practices and Demands in the EU, Italy, Turkey and the UK. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Brooke, H. (2005). Your Right to Know: How to Use the Freedom of Information Act and Other Access Laws. London: Pluto Press.

Carino, L. (2000). Re-engineering the Bureaucracy: Translating Principles into Performance Indicators. In Mendoza (ed.), Measuring Good Governance in the Philippines (pp. 261-282). Pasig City: Development Academy of the Philippines.

Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA). (2005). Participatory Planning and Budgeting at Sub-National Level. Manila-Philippines: United Nations Publication.

Dervin, B. (1973). Information Needs of Urban Residents: A Conceptual Context. In Warner, E.S., Murray, A.D., & Palmour, V.E. (eds.), Information Needs of Urban Residents (pp. 8-42). Final Report. Washington, D.C.: Bureau of Libraries and Learning Resources.

Flinders, M. & Buller, J. (2005). Depoliticisation, Democracy, and Arena-Shifting. Paper. Stanford: Stanford University.

Hikmawan, M.D. & Hidayat, R. (2016). Depoliticisation of Public Issue: Low Degree of Government's Democratic Legitimacy (The Case of the Reclamation Policy of Benoa Bay, Bali, Indonesia). Journal of Governance: Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa, 1(1), 27-41.

Kementerian Dalam Negeri Republik Indonesia. (2016). Modul Pelatihan Pembina Teknis Pemerintahan Desa. Jakarta: Direktorat Jenderal Pemerintahan Desa.

Kolopaking, L.M., Apriande, & Syaharbian, R. (2016). Mekanisme Perencanaan Desa Membangun dan Membangun Desa. Working Paper Pusat Studi Pembangunan Pertanian Pedesaan LPPM Institut Pertanian Bogor, 1(1), 1-31.

Kuper, A. & Kuper J. (1996). The Social Sciences Encyclopedia. Second Edition. New York: Routledge.

Mariana, D. et al. (2017). Desa: Situs Baru Demokrasi Lokal. Yogyakarta: IRE.

Nylen, W.R. (2003). Participatory Democracy versus Elitist Democracy: Lessons from Brazil. Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan.

Permendagri No. 113 Tahun 2014 tentang Pengelolaan Keuangan Desa.

Permendagri No. 114/2014 tentang Pedoman Pembangunan Desa.

Permendesa No. 2/2015 tentang Tata-Tertib dan Mekanisme Pengambilan Keputusan dalam Musyawarah Desa.

Pettit, P. (2004). Depoliticizing Democracy. Ratio Juris, 17(1), 52-65.

Priyono, A.E. (2017). Demokratisasi Desa: Situs Baru Politik Partisipatoris? In Mariana, D. et al., Desa: Situs Baru Demokrasi Lokal (pp. 1-11). Yogyakarta: IRE.

Stewart, D. (2015). Assessing Access to Information in Australia: The Impact of Freedom of Information Laws on the Scrutiny and Operation of the Commonwealth Government. In Wanna, J., Lindquist, E.A., & Marshall, P. (eds.), New Accountabilities, New Challenges (pp. 79-158). Australia: ANU Press.

Sujito, A. (2017). Menyemai Demokrasi Desa. In Mariana, D. et al., Desa: Situs Baru Demokrasi Lokal (pp. 131-146). Yogyakarta: IRE.

The Reality Check Approach+ Team, the Palladium Group. (2016). Local Perspectives and Experiences of Village Law in Indonesia. Jakarta: Reality Check Approach (RCA) in collaboration with Kolaborasi Masyarakat untuk Kesejahteraan (KOMPAK).

Torfing, J. (2007). Introduction: Democratic Network Governance. In Marcussen, M. & Torfing, J. (eds.), Democratic Network Governance in Europe (pp. 1-22). London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Tornquist, O. (1996). Civil Society and Divisive Politicisation: Experiences from Popular Efforts at Democratisation in Indonesia (Contribution to Conference on Civil Society, Istanbul October 28-30, 1996, organised by Centre for Middle Eastern Studies, Gothenburg University, and Swedish Research Institute in Istanbul).

Tornquist, O. (2009). Introduction: The Problem Is Representation! Towards an Analytical Framework. In Tornquist, O., Webster, N., & Stokke, K. (eds.), Rethinking Popular Representation (pp. 1-23). Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan.

Undang-Undang No. 6 Tahun 2014 tentang Desa.

Vylein, M. (2011). Democratic Legitimacy in Multi-Level Political Systems: What Can They Learn from Federal Theory? (EUSA Twelfth Biennial International Conference, March 3-5, 2011).




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31506/jog.v4i1.5369

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License

Journal of Governance is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.