Bridges, Not Walls: The Role of Migration and International Human Rights Law in Harnessing the Impending Demographic Tsunami

Chad Patrick Osorio


The substantial contribution of migrants to the global economy via remittances is particularly pronounced in developing countries, underscoring their economic significance. However, a considerable number of migrants embark on perilous journeys, resulting in over 46,000 migrant deaths since 2000. Human rights abuses further compound these challenges. This article delves into the intricate issues faced by millions of migrants, scrutinizing their economic roles and the absence of comprehensive legal protection. By highlighting the imminent demographic challenge, it explores the potential of migration in mitigating its impact. Stressing the imperative need for robust legal frameworks grounded in international human rights laws, the article advocates upholding migrants' fundamental rights as a pivotal strategy to avert the impending crisis. Employing a Critical Research framework, it analyzes international human rights laws and puts forth policy recommendations to mitigate the adverse effects of the impending demographic tsunami. The article concludes that the urgent necessity of embracing a human rights-centered approach to migration is evident, emphasizing its potential to alleviate the looming demographic challenges and propel inclusive economic development by recognizing migrants as valuable human capital.


Migration, Legal Protection, Human Rights, Demographic, United Nations treaties.

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Freedom of Association Protection of the Right to Organize (C087); Right to Organize and Collective Bargaining (C098);

Equal Remuneration (C100);

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International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR); International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESR);

International Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination (CERD);

International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW);

International Convention against Torture and Other Cruel Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT);

Conventions on the Rights of the Child (CRC);

International Convention on the Protection of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families (CMW);

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), and; Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (CED).

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These include the rights covered under the UDHR, ICCPR, and ICESCR, among other international conventions.

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