Developing Comic Material for Teaching Writing in Narrative Text at the Eighth Grade Students of SMP Negeri 3 Kota Serang

Farras Huda, Siti Hikmah, Rosmania Rima


The research aimed to (1) identify eighth-grade students’ learning needs of writing narrative text at SMP Negeri 3 Kota Serang, and (2) develop appropriate materials for eighth-grade students of SMP Negeri 3 Kota Serang. The subjects of this Research and Development study were students and teacher of SMP Negeri 3 Kota Serang. The research procedure was simplified and modified the steps from Borg and Gall (1983:775) and Jolly and Bolitho (cited in Tomlinson, 1998): conduct the needs analysis, write the course grid, develop the first draft, evaluate by expert judgments, revise, evaluate the second draft, and implement of the material. The data collection instruments were the needs analysis questionnaire, interview, and expert judgment questionnaire, which analyzed through percentage, mean followed by descriptive analysis's conversion and qualitative data analysis. The researchers found that both teacher and students wanted specific writing activities in the form of three units of printed comic material through design the layout and storyboard, sketch the characters, and draw and write the activity. The result of the first evaluation by two expert judgments showed the material was in range “fair”, “good” and “very good” while the second was in range “very good”.  The product offer creativity and interactivity for English teacher and another developer in the future.


Keywords: narrative text, writing, comic material

Full Text:



Barwick, John. 1999. Targeting Text: Photocopiable Units Based on English Text Types: Narrative, Poetry, Drama : Upper Level. Leichhardt, NSW : Blake Education. Web. 4 Dec. 2016.

Callahan, Raechel B. 2009. Perceptions and use of graphic novels in the classroom. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Ohio University. Retrieved December 27 (2009).

Fath, Sahnaz Natasya. 2014. Developing Comic Strip-Based Learning Materials for Grade X Students Of Travel Agent Department Of SMK N 6 Yogyakarta. Diss. Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta. Web. 11 Nov. 2016.

Gall, Meredith Damien, Walter R. Borg, and Joyce P. Gall. 2003. Educational research: An introduction . London: Longman Publishing.

Hamer, Welliam. 2016. Media and Materials Development In English Language Teaching.Module.

Haryanti, Ari Putri. 2016. Developing Writing Materials For Students Of The Eighth Grade of SMP N 3 Tempel. Diss. Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, 2016. Web. 11 Nov. 2016

Herlina. "Developing Reading Narrative Text Materials For Eighth Graders Of Junior High School Implemented With Character Building." English Education Journal [Online], 2.2 (2012): 147-158. Web. 22 Dec. 2016.

Lawrence, Julian. 2009. Secret identities in the classroom: negotiating conceptions of identity with comics and bilingual grade four students. Diss. University of British Columbia.

Rahmat, Muhammad Yusuf Arif Nur. 2015. Developing Digital Comics As Learning Media For Teaching Recount Text Writing To Grade Viii Students of SMP Negeri 2 Playen In The Second Semester. Diss. Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta. Web. 11 Nov. 2016.

Nanda, Delia Trista. 2016. Developing English Writing Materials in the Form of Comic Strips for Grade VIII Students. English Language Teaching Journal 5.2 (2016). Web. 11 Nov. 2016.

Tomlinson, Brian. 2014. Materials development in language teaching. UK: Cambridge University Press. Web. 12 Dec. 2016.

Yohana, Dian Ratna Purnamasari. 2015. Developing English Learning Materials For Grade X Students Of Beauty Study Program. Diss. Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
Journal of English Language Studies is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright @ 2021 Journal of English Language Studies.

View My Stats