Dampak Pekerjaan Shift Malam Pada Kesehatan Pekerja

Linda Riski Sefrina

Abstract


Pekerjaan dengan system shift mengharuskan pekerja bekerja pada malam hari (night shift work). Hal ini berdampak pada perubahan jam tidur dan ritme sirkadian. Penelitian sebelumnya telah menunjukkan peningkatan prevalensi dan resiko Penyakit Tidak Menular (PTM) pada pekerja shift malam. Akan tetapi, artikel ilmiah yang membahas mengenai dampak dari shift malam masih terbatas di Indonesia Berdasarkan permasalahan tersebut, maka tujuan dari penulisan artikel ini adalah untuk memberikan gambaran dampak gizi dan kesehatan dari pekerja shift malam. Artikel ini akan menjelaskan mengenai resiko dan mekanisme terjadinya PTM pada pekerja malam.

 


Keywords


Pekerja shift, Shift malam, Gizi, kesehatan, Penyakit Tidak Menular

Full Text:

PDF (Indonesian)

References


Bae MJ, Song YM, Shin JY, Choi BY, Keum JH, Lee EA. (2017). The Association between Shift Work and Health Behavior: Findings from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Korean Journal of Family Medicine Vol. 38: 86-92.

Balieiro LC, Rossato LT, Waterhouse J, Paim SL, Mota MC, Crispim CA. (2014). Nutritional status and eating habits of bus drivers during the day and night. Chronobiol Int. 31(10):1123- 1129. https://doi.org/10.3109/07420528.2014.957299

Bekkers MB, Koppes LL, Rodenburg W, van Steeg H, Proper KI. (2015). Relationship of night and shift work with weight change and lifestyle behaviors. J Occup Environ Med; 57(4):e37–44.

Cajochen C, Krauchi K, wirz-Justice. (2003). Role of Melatonin in the Regulation of Human Circadian Ehythms and Sleep. Journal of Neuroendocrinology; 15: 432-437.

Cipolla-Neto J, Amaral FG, Afeche SC, Tan DX, Reiter RJ. (2014). Melatonin, energy metabolism, and obesity: a review. J Pineal Res.;56(4):371-381.

De Fraitas ES, Canuto R, Henn RL, Olinto BA, Macagnan JBA, Pattussi MP, Busnello FM, Olinto MTA. (2015). Alteration in eating habits among shift workers of a poultry processing plant in southern Brazil. Ciência & Saúde Coletiva, 20(8):2401-2410.

DPR RI. (2003). Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia No.13 Tahun 2003 tentang Ketenagakerjaan. Jakarta: DPR RI.

Fujino Y, Iso H, Tamakoshi A, Inaba Y, Koizumi A, Kubo T, et al. (2006). A prospective cohort study of shift work and risk of ischemic heart disease in Japanese male workers. Am J Epidemiol. ;164:128–35.

Gan Y, Yang C, Tong X, Sun H, Cong Y, Yin X, et al. (2015). Shift work and diabetes mellitus: a meta-analysis of observational studies. Occup Environ Med.;72:72–8.

Juda M. (2010). The Importance of Chronotype in Shift Work Research. Universität München.

Lowden A, Moren C, Holmback U, Lennernas M, Tucker P. (2010). Eating and shift work – effects on habits, metabolism and performance. Scand J Work Environ Health; 36(2):150-162.

Morshead DM. (2002). Stress and shiftwork. Occup Health Saf. 71(4):36-38

Puttonen S, Härmä M, Hublin C. (2010). Shift work and cardiovascular disease—pathways from circadian stress to morbidity. Scand J Work Environ Health; 96–108.

Scheer FA, Hilton MF, Mantzoros CS, Shea SA. (2009). Adverse metabolic and cardiovascular consequences of circadian misalignment. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 106(11):4453– 8.

Skogstad M, Mamen A, Lunde LK, Ulvestad B, Dagfinn M, et al. (2019). Shift Work including Night Work and Long Working Hours in Industrial Plants Increases the Riski of Atherosclerosis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health Vol.16 (521).

Souza RV, Sarmento RA, de Almeida JC, Canuto R. (2019). The effect of shift work on eating habits: a sistematic review. Scand J Work Environ Health.

Strohmaier S., Devore E. E., Zhang Y., Schernhammer E. S. (2018). A Review of Data of Findings on Night Shift Work and the Development of DM and CVD Events: a Synthesis of the Proposed Molecular Mechanisms. Current Diabetes Reports; 18(132).

Torquate L, Mielke GI, Brown WJ, Kolbe-Alexander T. (2018). Shift work and the risk of cardiovascular disease. A sistematic review and meta-analysis including dose–response relationship. Scand J Work Environ Health. 44(3):229–238.

Vetter C, Devore EE, Ramin CA, Speizer FE, Willett WC, Schernhammer ES. (2015). Mismatch of sleep and work timing and risk of type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care. ;38:1707–13.

Vimalananda VG, Palmer JR, Gerlovin H, Wise La, Rosenzweig JL, Rosenberg L et al. (2015). Night-shift work and incident diabetes among African-American women. Diabetologia ;58(4):699-706.

Vyas MV, Gang AX, Lansavichus AV, Costella J, et.al. (2012). Shift work and vascular events: sistematic review and meta analysis. BMJ; 345: e4800.

Yeom JH, Sim CS, Lee J, Yun SH, Park SJ, Yoo CI, Sung JH. (2017). Effect of shift work on hypertension: cross sectional study. Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 29: 11.

Zee PC, Attarian H, Videnovic A. (2013). Circadian Rhythm Abnormalities. Continuum (Minneap Minn) 2013;19(1):132–147.

Zhang HM, Zhang Y. (2014). Melatonin: a well-documented antioxidant with conditional pro-oxidant actions. J Pineal Res.;57:131–46




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.52742/jgkp.v2i2.10408

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Gizi Kerja dan Produktivitas (Journal of Occupational Nutrition and Productivity)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Jurnal Gizi Kerja dan Produktivitas
Published by Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa.
Address: Jl. Raya Jakarta Km 4 Pakupatan Kota Serang Provinsi Banten
WA : +62 85253587076
Email: jurnal.ilmugizi[at]untirta.ac.id


Lisensi Creative Commons

Jurnal Gizi Kerja dan Produktivitas (P-ISSN: 2745-6404, E-ISSN: 2774-2547) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Preserved in LOCKSS, through PKP Private LOCKSS Network program.

 

View My Stats