Silvia Rahmi, Charil Anwar, Hamzah Hasyim


More than 1.5 billion people or 24% of the world's population experience worm infections that are transmitted through the soil. Worm infections that occur can damage the nutritional status in the form of anemia in all children, especially school age. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between nutritional anemia and the incidence of helminthiasis. This research method is an analytical observational with a cross-sectional design. The population in the study was conducted on elementary school children in the working area of the Air Biliti Health Center, Musi Rawas Regency in 2021. The sample in this study was 98 with simple random sampling at five schools in the working area of the Air Biliti Health Center. The study was conducted in March 2021. The results of this study showed that most of the proportions of negative helminth infections were 60 (61.2%), not anemic 71 (72.4%), Class VI 39 (39.8%), 11 years old 32 (32,7 % ), female 50 (51.0%), high parental education 53 (54.1%), farmer occupation 61 (62.2%), income 50 (51.0%). The results of the analysis of the significant relationship between nutritional anemia (p value 0.000, OR = 6.500) and infection rates in elementary school-aged children in the work area of Air Biliti Health Center, Musi Rawas Regency. Based on the results of the study, it was found that the importance of maintaining environmental cleanliness and personal hygiene, coupled with the habit of taking a worm medicine and attention from parents to reduce helminth infections that cause children to experience nutritional anemia.


anemia; nutrition; worm infection

Full Text:



Aji, DP, Garini, A., & Hermansyah, H. (2017). Relationship between soil-transmitted helminth infections and anemia in elementary school students in Gandus sub-district, Palembang city in 2016. Health Palembang , 12 (1), 59–62.

Annisa, S., Dalilah, D., Anwar, C., & Novrikasari, N. (2018). The Relationship Between Soil Transmitted Helminthes (STH) Infection and Nutritional Status in Students of State Elementary School Number (SDN) 200 Palembang Indonesia. Bioscientia Medicina: Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research , 2 (2), 42–53.

Centers for Disease Control. (2020). Parasites-Soil-Transmitted helminths . CDC.Gov.

Citrakesumasari. (2012). Nutritional Anemia Problems and Its Prevention. In Kalika .

South Sumatra Health Office. (2020). SSGI Contributes To Overview Of The Prevalence Of Nutritional Status In South Sumatra . Health Office. Sumselprov.Go.Id.

Gandahusada S, Ilahude HD, PW (2002). Medical Parasitology. In PW Gandahusada S, Ilahude HD (Ed.), Third edition (Third, p. 341).

Gozalbo, M., Guillen, M., Taroncher-Ferrer, S., Cifre, S., Carmena, D., Soriano, JM, & Trelis, M. (2020). Assessment of the Nutritional Status, Diet and Intestinal Parasites in Hosted Saharawi Children. Children , 7 (12), 264.

Kamila, AD, Margawati, A., & Nuryanto, N. (2018). The Relationship of Worms with Nutritional Status and Learning Achievement in Grades IV and V Elementary School Children in Bandarharjo Village, Semarang. Journal of Nutrition College , 7 (2), 77.

Indonesian Ministry of Health. (2018). Riskesdas 2018 Report. In National Riskesdas Report 2018 (Vol. 53, Issue 9, pp. 154–165). No. 57 of 2013 concerning PTRM.pdf

Made Ary Sarasmita, SFKA (2020). Guidebook for Drug Education by Pharmacists Series: Knowing the Pharmacist and Drug Profession (SFKA Made Ary Sarasmita (ed.); Knowing P).,+2020).&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjyv7KCiK_uAhXTfH0KHdnDBsgQ6AEwAHoECAOnePage&ag#2=2020).

Midwives, V. (nd). Personal Hygyene Relationship of Elementary School Students with Worm Infections Author .

Molla, E., & Mamo, H. (2018). Soil-transmitted helminth infections, anemia and undernutrition among schoolchildren in Yirgacheffee, South Ethiopia. BMC Research Notes , 11 (1), 1–7.

Pasyanti, NI, Saftarina, F., & Kurniawaty, E. (2015). Effect of Health Promotion Knowledge Against Grade 4, 5 and 6 in the Prevention Helminthiases in SDN 2 Firmness Telok Betong Western The Effect of Health Promotion to The Knowledge of 4th, 5th and 6th Grade Student in The Prevention Effort of Worm I. Medical Journal of Lampung University , 4 (6), 35–39.

PMK No. 15 (2017). Worm Prevention. Educational Psychology Journal .

Pratiwi, EE, & Sofiana, L. (2019). Worms as a Risk Factor for Anemia in Children. Indonesian Journal of Public Health , 14 (2), 1.

Puspita, WL, Khayan, K., Hariyadi, D., Anwar, T., Wardoyo, S., & Ihsan, BM (2020). Health Education to Reduce Helminthiasis: Deficits in Diets in Children and Achievement of Students of Elementary Schools at Pontianak, West Kalimantan. Journal of Parasitology Research , 2020 .

Rajagopal, S., Hotez, PJ, & Bundy, DAP (2014). Micronutrient Supplementation and Deworming in Children with Geohelminth Infections. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases , 8 (8), 1–3.

Sanchez, G. (2013). PLS Path Modeling with R. R Package Notes , 235.

Sigalingging, G., Selli Dosriani Sitopu, & Dita Wiranti Daeli. (2019). Knowledge of Worms and Worm Prevention Efforts. Journal of Darma Agung Husada , 6 (2), 96–104.

Sudargo T , . NA Kumayanti, NLH (2015). Iodine Deficiency, Iron, and Intelligence (M. Hakimi (ed.)).

World Health Organization. (2020). Soil-transmitted helminth infections . Who.Int.

Yimam, Y., Degarege, A., & Erko, B. (2016). Effect of anthelminthic treatment on helminth infection and related anemia among school-age children in northwestern Ethiopia. BMC Infectious Diseases , 16 (1), 1–8.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.