Author Guidelines

Types of manuscript

Research article

A research article is an original full-length research paper which should not exceed 5.000 words (including table and figures). Research article should be prepared according to the following order: title, authors name and affiliations, abstract, keywords, introduction, materials and method, result and discussion, conclusion, acknowledgement (optional), and references.

Review or Short communication

Review or short communication is up to 5.000 words (including table and figures). A short communication consists of title, authors name and affiliations, abstract, keywords, introduction, materials and method, result and discussion, conclusion, acknowledgement (optional), and references, while review might depend on the content. A short communication should contribute an important novelty for science, technology, or application. Only invited authors able to submit review articles.

The authors are fully responsible for accuracy of the content. Any correspondence regarding the manuscript will be addressed to the correspondent author who is clearly stated including his/her email address, telephone and fax number (including area code), and the complete mailing address. The correspondent author will handle correspondence with editor during reviewing process. The author are required to suggest three potential reviewer names including their email address..

Preparation of the manuscript
  1. The manuscript should be written in a good English. It must be type written on A4 paper by using Microsoft Word processor with Times New Roman 12 font, 1.0 spaced and two columns.
  2. All graphics and tables should be prepared in original format, and figures should be prepared in raw image format (minimally process image).
  3. When animal/human subject is involved in the in-vivo study, ethical clearance should be included in the manuscript by stating the number of ethical approval obtained from ethic committee. 
  4. Soft copy of a manuscript and suplementary file should be submitted to Online Journal System (OJS).
Guideline for the manuscript content



The keywords consists of no more than 5 important words representing the content of the article and can be used as internet searching words and arranged in alphabetical order.


The introduction states background of the research supported mainly by the relevant references and ended with the objectives of the research.

Materials and Methods

  1. The materials used should include manufacture and source.
  2. The reagents and equipment or instruments used should include manufacture name written in this section.
  3. The methods used in the study should be explained in detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Reference should be cited if the method had been published.
  4. Specification of the instruments and equipments (except for glass wares) should also be mentioned clearly.
  5. The title of tables and figures should be numbered consecutively according to their appearance in the text.
  6. The discussion of the results should be supported by relevant references.
  7. Decimals numbers adjusted to the type of analysis.
  8. The data presented figures and tables must Standard Deviation (SD) or Standard Error of Mean (SEM).
  9. A brief explanation on methods for sampling replication and statictical analysis is required in the methods section.


Results and Discussion


Conclusion is drawn based on the result, discussion, and the objectives of the research.


Acknowledgement contains the institution name of funding body/grants/sponsors or institution which provides facilities for the research project, or persons who assisted in technical work and manuscript preparation


  1. References are arranged in alphabetical, using Elsevier-Harvard (with Titles) style in Mendeley Reference Manager.
  2. Title of book is written with a capital letter for each initial word, except for conjunctions and forewords, while title of journal is only written in capital letter for the initial letter of the first word.
  3. The name of journal/bulletin is written using standard abbreviation according to ISI’s list of journal title abbreviations.
  4. Year, volume and pages should be completely written.
  5. Reference from the internet is written along with the date accessed.
  6. Minimum 80% of the cited references should be from the journals published within the last 10 years.
  7. DOI (Digital Object Identifier)number should be mentioned, if applicable.


Reference to a journal publication:

Wilson, B., Whelan, K., 2017. Prebiotic inulin-type fructans and galacto-oligosaccharides: definition, specificity, function, and application in gastrointestinal disorders. J. Gastroenterol. Hepatol. 32, 64–68.

Download the template here.