Utilizing Online Paraphrasing Tools to Overcome Students’ Paraphrasing Difficulties in Literature Reviews

Siti Drivoka Sulistyaningrum

Abstract


One of the prevalence of digital technology in academic writing, particularly in literature reviews, is the use of paraphrasing tools.However, there is a lack of research focusing on overcoming students' paraphrasing difficulties in writing.Using the notion of Schuemann, C., Byrd, P., & Reid. (2006), this paper explores students’ difficulties with paraphrasing and the use of online paraphrasing tools. A descriptive qualitative approach was used to collect data from 30 students enrolled in the Magister's of English Language Education (MELE) study program. Students' responses to two types of questionnaires were used as data sources. The study found that 83percent of the paraphrasing tools were used to rewrite the source text. Then, the most difficulties in terms of content, structure, language, and paraphrase strategy are paraphrasing itself, using correct grammar and appropriate vocabulary, and redundant/un-variative words. Furthermore, online paraphrasing tools mainly assist students in using the appropriate parts of speech (3.88) and in selecting appropriate vocabulary (3.79). It can then rewrite the source text using the same idea but a different writing style (3.75), correct grammar (3.67), the appropriate synonym to paraphrase (3.67), and changing the active sentence to the passive voice and vice versa (3.54). It can also change the source text's sentence structure (3.46), use proper tenses in literature reviews (3.38), and use proper discourse markers (3.33). Finally, students of the MELE study program can change the source text. Despite the numerous advantages of online paraphrasing tools, students are unable to read or comprehend text, which is the first step in the paraphrasing process.


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References


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Schuemann, C., Byrd, P., & Reid, J. (2006). Techniques for Paraphrasing. Retrieved from https://www.lib.sfu.ca/about/branches-depts/slc/writing/sources/techniques-paraphrasing

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Xiao, G., & Chen, X. (2015). English academic writing difficulties of engineering students at the tertiary level in China. World Transactions on Engineering and Technology Education, 13(3), 259–263.

Akbar, M. T. (2020). Students ’ Paraphrasing Skill in the Literature Review Section of Research Proposal. Jambura Journal of English Teaching and Literature, 1(April), 1–15. Retrieved from https://repository.ung.ac.id/skripsi/show/321411030/students-paraphrasing-skill-in-the-literature-review-section-of-research-proposalstudy-conducted-at-english-department-universitas-negeri-gorontalo.html

Al-Badi, I. A. H. (2015). Academic writing difficulties of ESL learners. WEI International Academic Conference Proceedings, (August), 63–76. Retrieved from http://www.westeastinstitute.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/Ibtisam-Ali-Hassan-Al-Badi-full-Paper.pdf

Ariyanti, A., & Mahakam, W. G. (2018). EFL Students ’ Difficulties and Needs in Essay Writing, (January 2017). https://doi.org/10.2991/ictte-17.2017.4

Ching Hei, K., & Khemlani David, M. (2015). Basic and Advanced Skills They Don’t Have: The Case of Postgraduate and Literature Review Writing. Malaysian Journal of Learning and Instruction, 12(Vol. 12, 2015), 131–150. https://doi.org/10.32890/mjli2015.12.7

Irena Ardelia and Yanu Rarasati Indraning Tiyas. (2019). The Acquisition Of Paraphrasing And Its Impact On Teaching And Learning Quotations To Avoid Plagiarism, 6(1), 159–171.

M, N. I. A. dan D. S. (2021). Employing Online Paraphrasing Tools to Overcome Students ’ Difficulties in Paraphrasing, 2(1), 52–59.

Na, C. Do, & Nhat Chi Mai, N. X. (2017). Paraphrasing in Academic Writing: a Case Study of Vietnamese Learners of English. Language Education in Asia, 8(1), 9–24. https://doi.org/10.5746/leia/17/v8/i1/a02/na_mai

Pratiwi, K. D. (2015). Students ’ difficulties in writing English : A study at the third semester students of English education program At University of Bengkulu. E Journal Universitas Bengkulu, 1(2), 1–13. Retrieved from http://repository.unib.ac.id/id/eprint/4406

Prentice, F. M., & Kinden, C. E. (2018). Paraphrasing tools, language translation tools and plagiarism: An exploratory study. International Journal for Educational Integrity, 14(1), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40979-018-0036-7

Puspita, C. (2019). Factors affecting students’ difficuties in writing thesis. 3rd English Language and Literature International Conference (ELLiC) Proceedings.

Rahmatunisa, W. (2014). Problems Faced By Indonesian Efl Learners In Writing Argumentative Essay. English Review: Journal of English Education.

Rogerson, A. M., & McCarthy, G. (2017). Using Internet based paraphrasing tools: Original work, patchwriting or facilitated plagiarism? International Journal for Educational Integrity, 13(1). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40979-016-0013-y

Sarair, I. A. & R. N. (1990). Proceedings of the 2, (1975), 20–26.

Schuemann, C., Byrd, P., & Reid, J. (2006). Techniques for Paraphrasing. Retrieved from https://www.lib.sfu.ca/about/branches-depts/slc/writing/sources/techniques-paraphrasing

Wahle, J. P., Ruas, T., Foltýnek, T., Meuschke, N., & Gipp, B. (2021). Identifying Machine-Paraphrased Plagiarism. Retrieved from http://arxiv.org/abs/2103.11909

Xiao, G., & Chen, X. (2015). English academic writing difficulties of engineering students at the tertiary level in China. World Transactions on Engineering and Technology Education, 13(3), 259–263.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30870/jels.v6i2.11582

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