Power and Representation in The Jakarta Post’s Article on UGM Rape Case Settlement

Indah Utami Chaerunnisah


In 2019, a rape case involving two students of UGM went viral. After being headlines in many news articles, the case was settled in February, and one of the newspapers which cover this news is The Jakarta Post who released an article entitled ‘UGM settles alleged sexual abuse case’. Through systemic functional grammar, this study attempts at analyzing the transitivity processes and participants in the article, and it aims at describing how it signifies the power relation and representation in the article. This is a qualitative study which applied critical discourse analysis, and the data used are sentences and clauses taken from the news article. To analyze the data, the researcher applied Halliday’s transitivity theory and Fairclough’s theory on power and representation. The results of the study reveal that there is an unequal representation in the article where it gives more opportunities for UGM to deliver their statement and argument since UGM holds more power than the other participants.

Full Text:



Al-Gublan, B. K. (2015). A Linguistic Study of Language Power and Strategy Used by Jurists. International Journal of Language and Linguistics, 2(3), 165–182.

Anggraini, N. (2018). Transitivity Process and Ideological Construction of Donald Trump’s Speeches. NOBEL: Journal of Literature and Language Teaching, 9(1), 26–44. https://doi.org/10.15642/nobel.2018.9.1.26-44

Arifuddin, M. T. (2017). Why Political Parties Colonize the Media in Indonesia: An Exploration of Mediatization. Jurnal Ilmu Sosial Dan Ilmu Politik, 20(1), 16. https://doi.org/10.22146/jsp.17994

Brooks, D. E., & Hébert, L. P. (2006). Gender, Race, and Media Representation. The SAGE Handbook of Gender and Communication, 297–318. https://doi.org/10.4135/9781412976053.n16

Chalimah dan Sumarlam. (2017). Power And Self Image Through Transitivity And Modality : Systemic Functional Linguistic Approach. Journal LENTERA Kajian Keagamaan, Keilmuan, Dan Teknologi, 3(1).

Darista, S. M. R. (2018). Kasus Pemerkosaan Mahasiswi KKN UGM Ditinjau dari Teori Tindakan Manusia, Tatanan Moral Objektif, dan Nilai.

Downing, A., & Locke, P. (2006). English Grammar: A University Course. In Routledge.

Eggins, S. (2004). An Introduction to Halliday’s Systemic Functional Linguistics. In Journal for the Study of English Linguistics.

Ezzina, R. (2015). Transitivity Analysis of « The Crying lot of 49 » by Thomas Pynchon. International Journal of Humanities and Cultural Studies, 2(3), 283–292. http://ijhcschiefeditor.wix.com/ijhcshttp://ijhcschiefeditor.wix.com/ijhcs

Fairclough, N. (1989). Language and Power. In C. N.Candlin (Ed.), Language in Social Life Series. Longman. https://doi.org/10.4159/9780674989542-003

Fontaine, L. (2013). Analysing english grammar: A systemic finctional introduction. In Analysing English Grammar: A Systemic Finctional Introduction. Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139026635

Halliday, M. A. K. (1985). An Introduction to Functional Grammar. Edward Arnold.

Halliday, M. A. K. (2004). Introduction to Functional (C. M. I. M. Matthiessen (ed.); 3rd ed., Issue December). Hodder Arnold. https://www.functionalmedicine.org/files/library/Intro_Functional_Medicine.pdf

Kurnia, D. (2018). The Transitivity Analysis of Short Story No Witchcraft For Sale By Doris Lessing. Walisongo State University of Islamic Studies.

Landa, E. M. (2017). A Study of the Transitivity System in Fictional Narrative: A Comparison of Process Types in Edgar Alan Poe’s Short Stories. Universidad Complutense Madrid.

Liu, Y., & Jia, W. (2019). Critical Analysis and Identity Construction of Chinese News Media from Transitivity Perspective. International Education Studies, 13(1), 84. https://doi.org/10.5539/ies.v13n1p84

Mengibar, A. C. (2015). Critical discourse analysis in the study of representation, identity politics and power relations: A multi-method approach. Communication and Society, 28(2), 39–54. https://doi.org/10.15581/

Sari, N. (2019). The Attitude of the Jakarta Post and Republika Online towards LGBT community in Indonesia. Sanata Dharma University.

Söğüt, S. (2018). Ideology in the News through Active, Passive Sentences and Nominalization: A Study on the Terrorist Attack in Ankara Reported in British and American Newspapers. Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies, 14(1), 162–177.

Suharyanto, A. (2016). Surat Kabar Sebagai Salah Satu Media Penyampaian Informasi Politik pada Partisipasi Politik Masyarakat. Jurnal Administrasi Publik : Public Administration Journal. https://doi.org/10.31289/jap.v6i2.1051

Thompson, G. (2014). Introducing Functional Grammar(3rd edition) (3rd ed.). Routledge.

van Dijk, T. A. (1995). Power and the News Media. In D. L. Paletz (Ed.), Political Communication in Action (pp. 9–36). Hampton Press.

Vanderstoep, D. D., & Johnston, S. W. (2011). RESEARCH METHODS FOR EVERYDAY LIFE. In Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-61737-960-4_9

Wahyuni, Sri. (2019). UGM settles alleged sexual abuse case. Retrieved from https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2019/02/06/ugm-settles-alleged-sexual-abuse-case.html

Weiss, G., & Wodak, R. (2007). Critical Discourse Analysis: Theory and Interdisciplinarity. In Critical Discourse Analysis: Theory and Interdisciplinarity. https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230288423

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30870/jels.v5i2.7416


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
Journal of English Language Studies is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright @ 2021 Journal of English Language Studies.

View My Stats