Determinants of Performance of Village Government in Early Implementation of Village Law

Slamet Rosyadi, Bambang Tri Harsanto, Khairu Roojiqien Sobandi

Abstract


Decentralization policy in Indonesia has been expanded to the level of the  village since 2015. The main purpose of this policy is to improve the performance of village government in providing more effective public service and efforts to poverty alleviation in rural areas. The authors argue that social capital, governance practices, leadership capacity, and resources can be important factors influencing the performance of village government. However, knowledge about to which extent village governments present their actual performance concerning  social capital, governance practices, leadership and resources is  still not sufficient yet. Using survey data conducted in 2015, this study aims to describe the early state of village government performance and examines links among social capital, governance practices, leadership capacity and resources with village government performance. The survey has selected 10 villages representing upland and lowland areas in Banyumas Regency, Central Java Indonesia. From each village, we choose 30 community leaders to express their opinion on our variables. Data is analyzed by descriptive statistics and ordinal regression since it was an  ordinal scale. The result shows that village governments still have a good ability to formulate strategic planning, to realize development outcomes relevant to community needs, to utilize public participation in decision-making stages, to develop community organization capacity and to empower villagers.


Keywords


decentralization, social capital, governance practices, leadership, village government performance, rural Java.

Full Text:

123-144 PDF

References


Abe, A. (2009). ‘Social capital formation and local capture in decentralization the case of Zambézia, Mozambique’. Progress in Development Studies 9 (1), 63-79.

Agresti, A. (2007). An introduction to categorical data analysis. Second Edition. John Willey & Sons, Inc, Canada.

Andrews, R. (2011). Social capital and public service performance: A review of the evidence. Public Policy and Administration 27 (1), 49-67.

Anonim. (2014). Data Kemendagri 2014 tercatat 381 kepala daerah terjerat kasus korupsi. Retrieved from http://cybersulutnews. co.id/data-kemendagri-2014-tercatat-381-kepala-daerah-terjerat-kasus-korupsi/).

Antlov, H., & Eko, S. (2012). Village and sub-district functions in decentralized Indonesia. Retreived from http://psflibrary.org/catalog/repository/village and sub-District Governance, Antlov and Sutoro.pdf

Birner, R., & Wittmer, H. (2003). ”Using social capital to create political capital: How do local communities gain political influence? A theoretical approach and empirical evidence from Thailand. ”In: Dolsak, N., Ostrom, E. (Eds.), The commons in millennium, challenges and adaptation, MIT Press.

Chattopadhyay, S. (2013). Decentralized provision of public services in developing countries: A Review of theoretical discourses and empirical evidence. Social Change 43(3), 421-441.

Cybersulutnews (June, 16, 2015). Data Kemendagri 2014, tercatat 318 kepala daerah terjerat kasus korupsi [Data from the Ministry of Home Affairs 2014 recorded 318 regional heads caught in corruption cases]. Retrieved from http://cybersulutnews.co.id/data-kemendagri-2014-tercatat-381-kepala-daerah-terjerat-kasus-korupsi/

Fahmi, F. Z., Prawira M.I, Hudalah, D., & Firman, T. (2016). Leadership and collaborative planning: The case of Surakarta, Indonesia Planning Theory 15 (3), 294-315.

Farrington, J., & Bebbington, A.J. (1993). Reluctant partners? Non-governmental organizations, the state and sustainable agricultural development. London: Routledge.

Gedickli, B. (2009). The role of leadership in the success of participatory planning processes: Experience from Turkey, European Urban and Regional Studies, 16(2), 115-130.

Grootaert, C. (1999). ‘Social Capital, Household Welfare, and Poverty in Indonesia’, Working Paper No. 2148, the World Bank, Washington, D.C.

Hickey, S., & G. Mohan. (2004). ‘Towards participation as transformation: Critical themes and challenges”. In S. Hickey and G. Mohan (Eds), Participation: from tyranny to transformation? (pp.3-24). London, England: Zed Books.

Hidayat, H. (2016). ‘Forest resources management in Indonesia (1968-2004): A Political Ecology Approach’. Springer Singapore.

Hooda, S.K. (2016). ‘Effectiveness of local government and community participation in health service delivery in rural Haryana. International Journal of Rural Management 12 (1): 27-50.

Horton, D., Alesaki, A., Bennett-Lartey, S., Brice, K.N., Campilan, D., Carden, F., Silva, J.S., Duaong, L.T., Khadar, I., Boza, A.M., Muniruzzaman, I.K., Perez, J., Chang, M.S., Vernooy, R., & Watts, J. (2003). ‘Evaluating capacity development: Experiences from research and development organization around the world’. International Service for National Agricultural Research, Netherlands.

Hou, X. (2013). Community capitalism in China: The state, the market, and collectivism. Cambridge University Press, USA.

Kakumba, U. (2010). Local government citizen participation and rural development: reflections on Uganda’s decentralization system. International Review of Administrative Sciences 76 (1): 171-186.

Khongsatjaviwat, D., & Routray, J.K. (2015). Local government for rural development in Thailand. International Journal of Rural Management 12(1) 27–50.

Knack, S. (2000). ‘Social capital and quality of government: Evidence from the United States’. Working Paper No. 2504, the World Bank, Washington, D.C.

Krishna, A. (2002). Enhancing political participation in democracies: What is the role of social capital? Comparative Political Studies, 35 (4): 437-460.

Lewis, B.D. (2015). Decentralising to villages in Indonesia: Money (and other) mistakes. Public Administration and Development 35 (5): 347-359.

Malucio, J., Haddad, L., & May, J. (1999). ‘Social capital and income generation in South Africa 1993-98’. IFPRI-FCND Discussion Paper no. 71, Washington.

Nurcholis, H. (2011). ‘Akan diputar ke manakah kedudukan desa: Tetap sebagai self-governing community, ke local state government, atau ke daerah otonomi? In A. Pambudi (Eds), Ide-ide untuk pemantapan jati diri ilmu administrasi negara. Capiya Publishing, Yogyakarta.

Panday, P.K & Rabbani, M.G. (2011). Good governance at the grass-roots: Evidence from Union Parishads in Bangladesh. South Asian Survey 18 (2): 293-315.

Pender, J. & Scherr, S.J. (2002). ‘Organizational development and natural resource management: Evidence from central Honduras’. In Meinzen-Dick, R., A. Knox, F. Place, and B. Swallow (eds), Innovation in natural resource management: The role of property rights and collective action in developing countries, Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, pp. 207-239.

Putnam, R. (1993). ‘Making democracy work: civic tradition in modern Italy’. Princeton University Press, Princeton.

Rahim, M.S. & Asnarulkhadi, A.S. (2010). Community development through community capacity building: A Social science perspective. Journal of American Science 6(2): 68–76.

Rahman, F. (2011). ‘Korupsi di tingkat desa’. Governance 11 (1):13-23.

Ricketts K.G. & Ladewig, H. (2008). A Path analysis of community leadership within viable rural communities in Florida. Leadership, (4) 2: 137-157.

Sato, Y., Pongvongsa, T., Nonaka, D. et al. (2014). Village health volunteers’ social capital related to their performance in Lao People’s Democratic Republic: a cross-sectional study. BMC Health Serv Res, (14), 1-9.

Sandefur, R. L., & Laumann, E.O. (2000). ‘A paradigm for social capital’. In E. L. Lesser (Ed.), Knowledge and social capital (pp.69-87). London: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Shimray, R.A. (2014). Decentralization from below: A case study of Nagaland, India. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications 4 (3): 1-6.

Sirker, K., & Cosic, S. (2007). Empowering the Marginalized: Case Studies of Social Accountability Initiatives in Asia. Washington, DC: World Bank Institute.

Sundar, N. (2001). ‘Is Devolution democratisation?’ World Development 29 (12):2007-2023.

Takeshi, I. (2006). The Dynamics of local governance reform in decentralizing Indonesia: Participatory planning and village empowerment in Bandung, West Java. Asian and African area studies, 5(2): 137-183.

Wiesinger, G. (2007). The Importance of social capital in rural development, networking and decision-making in rural areas. Journal of Alpine Research 95 (4): 43-56.

Woolock, M., & Narayan, D. (2000). Social capital: Implication for development theory, research, and policy. The World Bank Research Observer 15 (2): 224-249.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31506/jog.v5i2.8868

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Recent Issues

⟨Upcoming Issues⟩


Recent Issues

  Volume 5, Issue 1: (2020)

  Volume 4, Issue 2: (2019)

  Volume 4, Issue 1: (2019)

   Volume 3, Issue 2: (2018)

   Volume 3, Issue 1: (2018)

   
 
 
Creative Commons License

Journal of Governance is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
  
Copyright © 2019 Journal of Governance. All rights reserved.