The Emergent Role of Local Government On Covid-19 Outbreak In Indonesia: A New State-Society Perspective

Helen Dian Fridayani, Jenn Jaw Soong


This article is conducted to describe and analyze the local government in handling the Covid-19 outbreak. The spread of the coronavirus (Covid-19) has caused various problems in Indonesia. In addition to health issues, Covid-19 has caused economic, social, cultural, security problems, even in the government field. The problem that arises in the field of government that is related to government administration, especially regarding the relations between the central government and regional governments in dealing with the situation of the spread of Covid-19 is associated with decentralized health affairs. The situation of the central government's lack of responsiveness in responding to Covid-19 that has entered Indonesia, which is marked by the emergence of a lot of confusing news, both from the central government and regional governments, has led to various negative actions, chaos even distrust of the community. With these conditions, local governments have an important role in dealing with the Covid-19 outbreak. The raising question will be how are the policies of the regional government in handling this epidemic, but still in line with the instructions of the central government. Local governments and communities have a very vital role in minimizing and handling the spread of the Covid-19 outbreak compared to the central government. There are some shreds of evidence from regions with the red zones areas.

Keywords: covid-19 outbreak; local government role; society; policies.


covid-19 outbreak; local government role; society; policies

Full Text:

PDF 22-45


Abdullah, Ridwan. (2015) Pembelajaran Saintifik untuk Implementasi Kurikulum 2013. Jakarta:Bumi Aksara.

Barnello, J. (2020, March 25, 2020). More than 30,000 coronavirus cases in NY; Cuomo says peak could come in 3 weeks. Retrieved March 31, 2020.

Benequista, N., 2010, ‘Putting Citizens at the Centre: Linking States and Societies for Responsive Governance - A Policy-maker’s Guide to the Research of the Development Research Centre on Citizenship, Participation and Accountability’, Prepared for the DFID Conference on ‘The Politics of Poverty, Elites, Citizens and States’ 21-23 June, Sunningdale, UK.

Bodin, Ö., Nohrstedt, D., Baird, J., Summers, R., & Plummer, R. (2019). Working at the “speed of trust”: pre-existing and emerging social ties in wildfire responder networks in Sweden and Canada. Regional Environmental Change, 19, 2353–2364.

Botelho, A. (2014). Political sociology: State–society relations. Current Sociology, 62(6), 868–885.

Bovens, M., & ’t Hart, P. T. (1998). Understanding policy fiascoes. Piscataway: Transaction Publishers.

Chu, E. K. (2018). Urban climate adaptation and the reshaping of state–society relations: The politics of community knowledge and mobilisation in Indore, India. Urban Studies, 55(8), 1766–1782.

Cornwall, A., Robins, S. and Von Lieres, B., 2011, ‘States of Citizenship: Contexts and Cultures of Public Engagement and Citizen Action’, Working Paper 364, IDS, Brighton.

Crow, D., & Jones, M. (2018). Narratives as tools for influencing policy change. Policy & Politics, 46(2), 217–234.

Dörry, S., & Decoville, A. (2016). Governance and transportation policy networks in the cross-border metropolitan region of Luxembourg: A social network analysis. European Urban and Regional Studies, 23(1), 69–85.

Enton, H. (2020, March 29, 2020). The surprising rise of Andrew Cuomo. CNN. https ://www.cnn. com/2020/03/28/polit ics/andre w-cuomo -polls /index .html. Retrieved March 31, 2020.

Fawcett, P., & Daugbjerg, C. (2012). Explaining Governance Outcomes: Epistemology, Network Governance and Policy Network Analysis. Political Studies Review, 10(2), 195–207.

Gillman, A. (2018). Bridging Art and Bureaucracy: Marginalization, State-Society Relations, and Cultural Policy in Brazil. Politics & Society, 46(1), 29–51.

Habermas, J. (2015). Communication and the Evolution of Society. John Wiley & Sons.

Haryanto, S. (2008). Dasar-dasar penulisan proposal penelitian. Jakarta: LPFEUI.

Harris, J. K., Jonson-Reid, M., Carothers, B. J., & Fowler, P. (2017). The Structure of Policy Networks for Injury and Violence Prevention in 15 US Cities. Public Health Reports, 132(3), 381–388.

Heriani, F. N. (2020, March 31). Kebijakan dan Kesigapan Pemerintah Kunci Tangani Dampak Covid-19. Hukumonline.Com.

Huang, C., Wang, Y., Li, X., Ren, L., Zhao, J., Hu, Y., … Gu, X. (2020). Articles Clinical features of patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus in Wuhan , China. 497–506. accessed by June 2th, 2020

Initiative for Peacebuilding. (2008). ‘State-Society Analytical Framework’, Democratisation and Transitional Justice Cluster, Initiative for Peacebuilding

Jenkins-Smith, H. C., Nohrstedt, D., Weible, C. M., & Ingold, K. (2018). The advocacy coalition frame- work: An overview of the research program. In C. M. Weible, & P. A. Sabatier (Eds.), Theories of the policy process (pp. 135–171). Abingdon: Routledge

Jordana, J., Mota, F., & Noferini, A. (2012). The role of social capital within policy networks: evidence from EU cohesion policy in Spain. International Review of Administrative Sciences, 78(4), 642–664.

Joseph, J. (2020). Exploring the Agency-Structure Dynamics in State–Society Relations in Contemporary China: The Case of Securitisation of the Environmental Sector. China Report, 56(2), 182–203.

Kerkvliet, B. J. T. (2018). An approach for analysing state-society relations in Vietnam. SOJOURN: Journal of Social Issues in Southeast Asia, 33(S), S156-S198.

Lasswell, H. D. (1956a). The political science of science: An inquiry into the possible reconciliation of mas- tery and freedom. American Political Science Review, 50(4), 961–979.

Lin, G. C. S. (2021). Drawing up the missing link: State-society relations and the remaking of urban landscapes in Chinese cities. Environment and Planning A: Economy and Space.

Lubienski, C. (2018). The critical challenge: Policy networks and market models for education. Policy Futures in Education, 16(2), 156–168.

Malau, S. (2020, April 29). Update Kasus Covid-19 di Indonesia Hari Ini: 9.771 Positif Corona, 1.391 Sembuh, 784 Meninggal. Tribunnews.Com.

Marc, A., Willman, A., Aslam, G., and Rebosio, M., with Balasuriya, K., 2013, ‘Understanding state-society connectedness’. Chapter 2 in Societal Dynamics and Fragility. Engaging Societies in Responding to Fragile Situations. World Bank, Washington, D.C.

Marsh, D., & Rhodes, R. A. W. (1992). Policy networks in British government. Oxford: Clarendon Press. McConnell,

Mazzucato, Mariana (2012-06-24). "Banks must learn to reward the good risks". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2012-08-17.

McConnell, A. (2011). Success? Failure? Something in-between? A framework for evaluating crisis man- agement. Policy & society., 32(2), 63–76.

Mitchell, T. (1991). The limits of the state: Beyond statist approaches and their critics. American political science review, 85(1), 77-96.

Naik, M. (2020). State-society Interactions and Bordering Practices in Gurugram’s Pandemic Response. Urbanisation, 5(2), 181–190.

Negoita, M. (2018). The Always Embedded State: Six Types of State-Society Interaction, International Review of Social Research, 8(2), 172-184. doi:

Pandia, Swetta A., & Harto, Ambrosius. (2020, June 2th). Masih Ada Kedamaian meski dalam Badai Covid-19. accessed by June 2th, 2020.

Parsons, B. M. (2018). Local Autism Policy Networks: Expertise and Intermediary Organizations. Educational Policy, 32(6), 823–854.

Peters, D. T. J. M., Klijn, E. H., Stronks, K., & Harting, J. (2017). Policy coordination and integration, trust, management and performance in public health-related policy networks: a survey. International Review of Administrative Sciences, 83(1), 200–222.

Pierre. (2020, March 31). The role of public policy in Indonesia’s COVID-19 response. East Asia Forum.

Pouligny, B., 2010, 'State-Society Relations and the Intangible Dimensions of State Resilience and Statebuilding: A Bottom Up Perspective', EUI Working Paper, no. 33, Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, European University Institute (EUI), Florence

Pranita, E. (2020, April 2). Berbagai Respons Rakyat untuk Pemerintah Terkait Penanganan Covid-19. Kompas.

Qiaoan, R. (2020). State–society relations under a new model of control in China: Graduated control 2.0. China Information, 34(1), 24–44.

Rahma, D. U. (2020, March 31). Sejumlah Kebijakan Anies Tangani COVID-19 yang Ditolak Anak Buah Jokowi. Covesia.Com.

Robson, W. A. (2018). Welfare state and welfare society: illusion and reality (Vol. 17). Routledge.

Rowland, N., and Smith, C., 2014, Rebuilding State-Society Relations in Post-War States: Assessing a Theory of Change approach to local governance reform in Timor-Leste, Justice and Security Research Programme, London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), London, UK

Safitri, E. (2020, March 13). RSPI Sulianti Saroso Tegaskan Pasien Isolasi yang Meninggal Dunia 1 Orang. News.Detik.

Sastroredja. (2020, June 2th). Strategi Ganjar Pranowo Tangani Penyebaran Virus Corona di Jawa Tengah.

Seller, J. M. (2010). State–Society Relations Beyond the Weberian State Hand Book of Governance London.

Varda, D. M. (2011). A Network Perspective on State-Society Synergy to Increase Community-Level Social Capital. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 40(5), 896–923.

Wahyu, Y. (2020, April 13). Penanganan Covid-19 di Mata Warganetd. Kompas.Id.

Weible, C.M., Nohrstedt, D., Cairney, P. et al. COVID-19 and the policy sciences: initial reactions and perspectives. Policy Sci (2020).


Wolford, W. (2016). State-Society Dynamics in Contemporary Brazilian Land Reform. Latin American Perspectives, 43(2), 77–95.

Wu, Y., Chen, C., & Chan, Y. (2019). The outbreak of COVID-19 : An overview. 217–220.>Wu

Yahya, A. N. (2020, April 28). Sebaran Lengkap Kasus Covid-19 Meninggal di Indonesia hingga 27 April. Kompas.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Recent Issues

⟨Upcoming Issues⟩

Recent Issues

Volume 5, Issue 2: (2020)

 Volume 5, Issue 1: (2020)

 Volume 4, Issue 2: (2019)

Volume 4, Issue 1: (2019)

Volume 3, Issue 2: (2018)

Creative Commons License

Journal of Governance is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Copyright © 2019 Journal of Governance. All rights reserved.